The Science

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accordion_btn_colIntroduction
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  1. High Supersonic VVIP Business Jet Aircraft
  2. Model Designation: HyperStar, very high hypersonic business jet with quiet hybrid electric turbine propulsion systems
  3. Basic Description: Mid wing hypersonic monoplane highly swept hybrid parabolic delta wing, parabolic leading edge, forward swept canard, fully integrated nacelles to FSSC and engines, center of mass ahead of the MAC of wing, commercial transport, VVIP 10 – 16 passenger trans-oceanic-continental aircraft
  4. Abbreviations and Acronym: Sonic (Supersonic) – STAR (Supersonic Aircraft Transport Research); S-MAGJET; Supersonic-Magnetic Advanced Generation Jet Electric Turbine.
accordion_btn_colCertification
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  1. Certified to occur in 2025 under the Federal Aviation Administration under Part 25 and new hypersonics category, Part 135
  2. Lead Certification Office (FAA, EASA)
  3. Type Certification (Part 25 Transport Category); Commercial/civil transport
  4. Operational Certification (Part 91, Part 135);
  5. Special Conditions (Operation above 60,000 ft); Certification to 84,000 feet.
accordion_btn_colDesign
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  1. Standard Features; fully integrated hybrid hypersonic, non-afterburning engines, hybrid aerodynamic double delta hypersonic laminar flow wing design, pressurized cabin to 84,000 ft, custom-luxury cabin and pilot deck, 6000 nautical miles IFR capable range, Jet-A, JP-4 and JP-7 fuel capable, electromagnetic drag reduction technology affording dramatic reduction/elimination of sonic boom below 0.25 lbs/sq.ft., overland Mach 4.0 cruise.
  2. Operational requirements; Hot and High altitude day conditions and landing distance 4800 ft, Class 4 operational acoustics condition compatible,
  3. Performance requirements (Mach 4.0 / 10 – 20 passengers, 60,000 ft)
  4. Design philosophy; Create an unprecedented future hypersonic aircraft which in performance, speed, range, luxury and comfort, and safety, is untouchable
  5. Limit Speeds; Mach 3.8 due to aerothermodynamic heating and atmospheric conditions becoming of super-heated plasma species
  6. Structure requirements; alloyed titanium 6.4V/2.8Al, co-cured and co-bonded nano-carbon composite structural sheet skins and thermoplastics
  7. Manufacturing requirements; semi-autonomous staged production line to two aircraft per month
accordion_btn_colPerformance
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  1. Payload-Range; 75,000 lb. fuel load, 80,000 basic fuel weight, at 6000 NM.
  2. Cruise Altitude; 60,000 ceiling at 12 PSI cabin pressurization
  3. Cruise Speed; Mach 4.0 at 65,000 feet
  4. Cruise Efficiency; 1.10 lbs. of fuel, per lb. of thrust, per hour
  5. Climb Performance; 7000 FPM, constant, 10,000 FPM maximum at fuel load at 6000 NM.
  6. Field Performance; At GTOW 9,980 feet to clear a 50′ obstacle, rotation at 225 Kts
  7. Engine Performance; Class 4 Stage under ICAO conditions
  8. Airport Noise; Category 5 airport noise as classified by EPA future aircraft environmental programs.
accordion_btn_colEngine / Propulsion System

The SonicBlue vision is the development of revolutionary engine design to fundamentally change the way aero gas-turbine engines operate in order to significantly improve the performance of aircraft systems.

  1. Hybrid engine technology developed to offer a highly efficient, hypersonic, variable bypass fan ratio engine design.
  2. The engine operates electrically by generating a large amount of on-board electric power through its superconducting electric turbine ring generator system.
  3. Engine produces sufficient power to operate the multi-stage counter rotating, superconducting, dual ring motor electric bypass fans and superconducting electric ring motor axial compressor, power generation and thrust comes from 5-stage superconducting axial turbine.
  4. The 54,700 thrust class S-MAGJET engine (two engines) described is optimized to fly the HyperMach HyperStar aircraft at 62,000 ft, at a specific fuel consumption below 1.05 at Mach 3.3, this performance will be unprecedented and will welcome in a new era of the future of aerospace transport.
  5. Electrical generation is provided by superconducting ring generators that are powered by the high velocity exhaust thrust from the combustor section of the engine.
  6. The bypass fan is a twin fan system in which one fan counter rotates with the other fan, which reduces aerodynamic swirl and drag.
  7. The bypass fan configuration is not constrained by a drive shaft, heavy gears and complex gear boxes, nor complex lubrication systems and it can be run at an optimal rotational speed so as to maximize its efficiency at any aircraft velocity, or altitude.
  8. The bypass fans running independently from the compressor can be run at much slower speeds than the compressor, this means a more efficient RPM for the fan blade design of the S-MAGJET, a low bypass fan hypersonic engine design.
  9. Lower operating RPM speeds afford the use of wider blades, raising aerodynamic efficiency and thrust per horsepower, making the engine architecture greatly more efficient than the current art of engine designs.
  10. Light weight superconducting ring motors with integrated cooling for the compressor do not require a drive shaft, nor the bypass fans or the superconducting ring generators of the power turbine, a “hollow-core shaft-less” tunnel is left in the center of the hybrid electric turbine which now carries additional bypass air.
  11. Bypass air as the major component of thrust, rather than the hot exhaust from the power turbine being utilized as thrust is a more efficient method of producing thrust for propulsion in turbines.
  12. Supersonic-Magnetic Advanced Generation Jet Electric Turbine (S-MAGJET), the majority of electric power produced off the power turbine via the superconducting ring generators is directed forward through a proprietary electric power management system to run the electric bypass fans and the electric compressor. This electrical independence of the bypass fan from the multi-stage axial compressor raises overall efficiency of the engine by 70% alone.
accordion_btn_colDimensions

225.67 feet in length, 74.14 feet in wingspan

accordion_btn_colWeights
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  1. Mass properties; Center of mass location at 114.23′ from nose behind the electromagnetic spike antenna
  2. Center of gravity; 43.6%
  3. Empty weights: 72,064 lb.
  4. GTOW 160,000 lb.
  5. Fuel load with 7% reserve, 75,000 lb.
  6. Useful payload, 15,000 lb.
accordion_btn_colMaintenance
  1. Lifting and leveling; no lifting and leveling, exception to main airframe rig jack at manufacturing/production facility.
  2. Towing; tow capable, front nose wheel double jam lock location, below door and wheel brake petal
  3. Parking, mooring, storage; inside hangered
  4. Servicing (access doors): 48 service doors accessible to hydraulics, avionics, air, central computing, environmental health,
  5. Time limits: 20,000 hrs airframe; 25,000 engine
  6. Maintenance Checks; 2500 hrs. VFIR Cert.
  7. Placards and Markings; HyperMach Placard and SB/OEM Engine Partner
accordion_btn_colAvionics / Electrical
science_avionics
  1. Avionics Suite: Fly by light opticfiber; quad redundant
  2. Autopilot; auto-on, 200′ IFR and FLIR
  3. Communications; VFIR
  4. Electrical Power; DC/AC power management rectifier and filter
  5. Indicating/recording systems; DDAS and SOCOM
  6. Lights; Standard and Flight Mode Approach
  7. Navigation: VFR/GPS/Radar/SLIR
accordion_btn_colSystem
  1. Air conditioning; Environmental health controls of passengers through internal channeling of air conditioned air
  2. Fire Protection; Certified to extend beyond FAA certification using aerogel fire protection blanket systems between out skins, inner hull liners and structural spars and stringers
  3. Ice and Rain protection: heated leading edges and wing chord to limits of MAC at main spar of wing, MAC of V-tail, de-icing of ASWT at full chord panel structure and mount.
  4. Landing Gear; single double forward bogie on nose gear, swinging forward; triple single bogie main gear rotating inward to central fuselage plane, all electric actuation
  5. Oxygen; On-board electric oxygenation generation generators, eight located above inner top hull lining covering air masses sufficient to cover 20 passengers and a crew of four.
  6. Hydraulics; none, all electric
accordion_btn_colPowerplant & Fuel System
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  1. Fuel Type; Jet-A, JP-4 and JP-7
  2. Engine and Fuel Control; Digital and fiber optic full autonomous control and power systems hierarchical sensor systems architecture
  3. Ignition; electromagnetic superconducting pulse phase start and continuous pulse phase power in a ion plasma starter configuration
  4. Engine Indicating; Automated fiber optic control and display, flight deck sensor board and touch control indicating
  5. Exhaust; plasma accelerated control and thrust attenuation to supported electric super cruise at design Mach cruise conditions
  6. Oil; none, magnetic levitation turbine engines, all electric aircraft and airframe
  7. Starting; ground start cart, conventional operating start conditions; airborne start capable upon necessity
  8. Accessory gearbox; none, magnetic transmission and power transfer
accordion_btn_colStructure
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  1. Standard Practices; FAA certification practices and Program Management to Part 25 and Part 135 of the civil aircraft code
  2. Doors; aluminum structural cores, titanium skins
  3. Fuselage (and high altitude operations)
  4. Wing; titanium primary structure, aluminum/titanium wing box, composite structural skins and panels, titanium nickel-cobalt alloy leading and trailing edges.
  5. Empennage; composite internal primary and secondary structure, high temperature composite skins, titanium alloyed leading edges.
  6. Windows; FAA conforming carbon-acrylic ceramic glass
  7. Flight Controls; quad-redundant all electric actuation and plasma actuator aerodynamic controls
accordion_btn_colInteriors
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  1. Equipment and Furnishing; Custom super luxury for the VVIP executive class, government officials and Diplomats
  2. Cargo and Accessory compartments; heavy cargo, medical supply and cryogenic refrigeration capable, specialty and luxury high worth transport items capable such as thoroughbred race horses, cabin sized for this accommodation.
accordion_btn_colEngineering Specification

1. Introduction

  1. General: Very High Supersonic/Hypersonic Luxury Mach 4.4+ VVIP Business Jet Aircraft
  2. Model Designation: HyperStar, very high hypersonic/hypersonic speed business jet with hypersonic hybrid electromagnetic superconducting turbo-ramjet propulsion systems
  3. Basic Description: Low wing hypersonic monoplane highly swept hybrid hypersonic parabolic delta wing (HHyPD, parabolic leading edge, forward highly swept keel-located canard, fully integrated nacelles to (HHyPDW) and engines, center of mass of aircraft ahead of the mean aerodynamic chord (MAC) of wing, commercial transport, VVIP 24 -36 passenger transoceaniccontinental aircraft
  4. Units of Measure (metric or standard?); standard (to be transferred to metric in 2013)
  5. Abbreviations and Acronym – H – (hypersonic), Hy (hybrid) – Sonic (Supersonic On-design Nano-magnetic Ion Compression – STAR (Supersonic Aircraft Transport Research); H-MAGJET; Hypersonic-Magnetic Advanced Generation Jet Electric Turbine.

2. Certification

  1. General; Certified to occur in 2025 under the ICAO in UK/Europe and Federal Aviation Administration in the US under Part 25 and new hypersonics category, Part 135
  2. Lead Certification Office (ICAO, FAA, EASA, TCCA)
  3. Type Certification (Part 25 Transport Category); Commercial/civil transport
  4. Operational Certification (Part 91, Part 135); part 135
  5. Special Conditions (Operation above 62,000 ft); Certification to 62,000 feet.

3. Design/Marketing Requirements

  1. Target customers; Corporate, Private Charter, Airline, and wealthy individuals as private business jet owners and pleasure aviation owners, including governments and diplomats
  2. Standard Features; fully integrated hybrid hypersonic/supercruise, non-afterburning engines, hybrid aerodynamic double delta hypersonic laminar flow wing design, pressurized cabin to 65,000 ft, custom-luxury cabin and pilot deck, 6800 nautical miles IFR capable range, Jet-A, JP-4 and JP-7 fuel capable, electromagnetic drag reduction technology (EDRT) affording dramatic reduction/elimination of sonic boom below 0.10 lbs/sq.ft., overland Mach 4.0 cruise condition.
  3. Operational requirements; Hot and High altitude day condition and 9500’ runway requirement, Class 4 operational acoustics condition compatible,
  4. Performance requirements (top speed, range, payload, emergency pressure condition, emergency landing)
  5. Design philosophy; Create an unprecedented future designed hypersonic hybrid aircraft with fully integrated hypersonic hybrid turbo-ramjet engines which in performance, speed, range, luxury and comfort, and safety, is untouchable to previous 20th and 21st century designs.
  6. Limit Speeds; Mach 4.4 due to aerothermodynamic heating and atmospheric conditions becoming of super-heated plasma species in the atmosphere
  7. Structure requirements; alloyed titanium 6.4V/2.8Al, co-cured and co-bonded nano-carbon composite structural sheet skins, highly alloyed steel keel structures and landing gear, composite wing keel/box. thermoplastics and thermosets
  8. Manufacturing requirements; semi-autonomous staged production line to two aircraft per month maximum, 24 annual production.

4. Performance

  1. Payload-Range; 90,000 lb. fuel load, 14,750 lb. passenger and cargo load at 6800 NM.
  2. Cruise Altitude; 62,000 ceiling at 14.4 PSI cabin pressurization, 65,000 maximum
  3. Cruise Speed; Mach 4.4 at 62,000 feet
  4. Cruise Efficiency; 0.958 lbs. of fuel, per lb. of thrust, per hour, max efficiency 0.894 lb/lb. thr./hr.
  5. Climb Performance; 7000 FPM, constant, 12,000 FPM maximum at fuel load at 6500 NM.
  6. Field Performance; At GTOW 9,980 feet to clear a 50’ obstacle, rotation at 225 Kts
  7. Engine Performance; Class 4 Stage under ICAO conditions
  8. Airport Noise; Category 5 airport noise as classified by EPA future aircraft environmental programs, Category 4 hypersonic civil transport category.
  9. Supersonic noise;

5. Dimensions: 207.67 feet in length, 74.24 feet in wingspan

6. Weights

  1. Mass properties; Center of mass location at 117.23’ (46.8 percent of wing root chord) from nose behind the electromagnetic spike antenna
  2. Center of gravity; 44.6%
  3. Empty weights: 77,000 lb.
  4. GTOW 171,750 lb.
  5. Fuel load with 7% reserve, 90,000 lb.
  6. Useful payload, 16,750 lb. max

7. Maintenance

  1. Lifting and leveling; no lifting and leveling, exception to main airframe rig jack at manufacturing/production facility.
  2. Towing; tow capable, front nose wheel double jam lock location, below door and wheel brake petal
  3. Parking, mooring, storage; inside hangered
  4. Servicing (access doors): 48 service doors accessible to hydraulics, avionics, air, central computing, environmental health,
  5. Time limits: 15,000 hrs airframe; 20,000 engine
  6. Maintenance Checks; 2500 hrs. VFIR Cert.
  7. Placards and Markings; HyperMach Placard and SB/OEM Engine Partner

8. Avionics / Electrical

  1. Avionics Suite: Fly by light opticfiber; quad redundant
  2. Autopilot; auto-on, 200’ IFR and FLIR
  3. Communications; VFIR
  4. Electrical Power; DC/AC power management rectifier and filter, 3000 volts at EDRT, superconducting tunnel at 4.4 MW max, power bus to DC from AC, ground negative
  5. Indicating/recording systems; DDAS and SOCOM
  6. Lights; Standard and Flight Mode Approach
  7. Navigation: VFR/GPS/Radar/SLIR

9. Systems

  1. Air conditioning; Environmental health controls of passengers through internal channeling of air conditioned air
  2. Fire Protection; Certified to extend beyond ICAO/FAA certification using aerogel fire protection blanket systems between out skins, inner hull liners and structural spars and stringers
  3. Ice and Rain protection: heated leading edges and wing chord to limits of MAC at main spar of wing, MAC of V-tail, de-icing of ASWT at full chord panel structure and mount.
  4. Landing Gear; single double forward bogie on nose gear, swinging forward; triple axle, single bogie main gear rotating inward to central fuselage plane, all electric actuation
  5. Oxygen; On-board electric oxygenation generation generators, eight located above inner top hull lining covering air masses sufficient to cover 32 passengers and a crew of four.
  6. Hydraulics; none, all electric

10. Powerplant & Fuel System

  1. Fuel Type; Jet-A, JP-4 and JP-7
  2. Engine and Fuel Control; Digital and fiber optic full autonomous control and power systems hierarchical sensor systems architecture fully segmented to turbomachinaery central computing systems
  3. Ignition; electromagnetic superconducting pulse phase start and continuous pulse phase power in a ion plasma starter configuration, and continuous mode to electric compressor and bypass fan
  4. Engine Indicating; Automated fiber optic control and display, flight deck sensor board and touch control indicating
  5. Exhaust; plasma accelerated control and thrust attenuation to supported electric supercruise at design Mach cruise conditions through MHD
  6. Oil; none, magnetic levitation turbine engines, all electric aircraft and airframe
  7. Starting; ground start cart, conventional operating start conditions; airborn start capable upon necessity, and ram fan for power generation at 1.0% to superconducting turbine core for start
  8. Accessory gearbox; none, magnetic transmission and power transfer

11. Structure

  1. Standard Practices; ICAO/FAA certification practices and Program Management to Part 25 and Part 135 of the civil aircraft code
  2. Doors; titanium structural ribs, nomex cores, titanium skins, emergency floatation ramps storage within core access for egress of 36 passengers max, front and aft doors, dual doors over wings.
  3. Fuselage (and high altitude operations) all titanium 6.0/4.0 and 3.0/2.0 structure and bulkheads and frames, CNC and titanium metal matrix castings.
  4. Wing; titanium primary structure, aluminum/titanium-cobalt alloy and bi-bonded composite wing box, composite structural skins and panels, titanium nickel-cobalt alloy leading and trailing edges.
  5. Empennage; titanium metal matrix composite and internal primary and secondary structure, high temperature composite skins, titanium alloyed leading edges.
  6. Windows; FAA conforming carbon-acrylic ceramic glass
  7. Flight Controls; quad-redundant all electric actuation and plasma actuator aerodynamic controls

12. Interiors

  1. Equipment and Furnishing; Custom super luxury for the VVIP executive class, government officials and Diplomats
  2. Cargo and Accessory compartments; heavy cargo, medical supply and cryogenic refrigeration capable, specialty and luxury high worth transport items capable such as thoroughbred race horses, cabin sized for this accommodation.